There are five stages of kidney disease. They are shown in the table below. Your treatment is based on your stage of kidney disease. Speak to your healthcare provider if you have any questions about your stage of kidney disease or your treatment.
There are usually no signs or symptoms that your blood pressure is too high. It is important to have your blood
pressure checked on a regular basis, especially if you have a family history of the disease or are at risk for other
Blood pressure is measured with a blood pressure cuff that is wrapped around your upper arm. The person taking your blood pressure (you can learn to do it yourself) pumps air into the cuff and then slowly lets it out while listening for the sound of your pulse. The top number in your blood pressure reading is called the systolic pressure and the bottom number is called the diastolic pressure. For example, a reading might be 120/80, which is said as “120 over 80.” The top number is the pressure when your heart beats. The bottom number is the pressure when your heart rests between beats.
High blood pressure (hypertension) occurs when the force of your blood against your artery walls increases
enough to cause damage. A diagnosis of high blood pressure should always be confirmed on followup visits to
your healthcare provider.
Untreated high blood pressure can damage your heart, brain, eyes, and kidneys. This damage can lead to heart attacks, strokes, and kidney failure. If you also have diabetes, your chance of developing these other conditions is even greater. For this reason, it is important to keep your blood sugar under control and follow your healthcare provider’s advice carefully.
Some types of kidney disease may cause high blood pressure. More often, it is high blood pressure that causes
kidney disease. In addition, high blood pressure speeds up the loss of kidney function in people with kidney disease. Because people with high blood pressure are at increased risk for developing chronic kidney disease, they should be tested for kidney disease.